Python Operators
This guide is an overview of Python operators.
Overview
Python has a full range of operators, including arithmetic operators, comparison operators, concatenation operators, and logical operators.
Operator Precedence
When several operations occur in an expression, each part is evaluated and resolved in a predetermined order called operator precedence. You can use parentheses to override the order of precedence and force some parts of an expression to be evaluated before others. Operations within parentheses are always performed before those outside. Within parentheses, however, standard operator precedence is maintained.
When expressions contain operators from more than one category, arithmetic operators are evaluated first, comparison operators are evaluated next, and logical operators are evaluated last. Comparison operators all have equal precedence; that is, they are evaluated in the lefttoright order in which they appear. Arithmetic and logical operators are evaluated in the following order of precedence.
Arithmetic
Description  Symbol  

Exponentiation  ** 

Unary negation   

Multiplication  * 

Division  / 

Modulus arithmetic  mod 

Addition  + 

Subtraction   

String concatenation  & 
Comparison
Description  Symbol  

Less than  < 

Greater than  > 

Less than or equal to  <= 

Greater than or equal to  >= 

Equality  == 

Inequality  != 

Object equivalence  is 
Logical
Description  Symbol  

Logical negation  not 

Logical conjunction  and 

Logical disjunction  or 

Logical exclusion  xor 

Logical equivalence  eqv 

Logical implication  imp 
Considerations
When multiplication and division occur together in an expression, each operation is evaluated as it occurs from left to right. Likewise, when addition and subtraction occur together in an expression, each operation is evaluated in order of appearance from left to right.
The string concatenation (&
) operator is not an arithmetic operator, but in precedence it falls after all arithmetic operators and before all comparison operators. The is
operator is an object reference comparison operator. It does not compare objects or their values; it checks only to determine if two object references refer to the same object.